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  • Physical/Chemical Properties
Cholesterol exchange is a major reason for the instability of liposomes in blood. The formation of a covalent hybrid between cholesterol and glycerophosphocholine preserves the bilayer-stabilizing effect of free cholesterol but prevents its transfer from the bilayer. Thus, disterolphospholipids are valuable new components for liposome formulation.
Molecular Formula
Percent Composition
C 70.38%, H 9.79%, N 1.17%, O 16.07%, P 2.59%
1 Years
CAS Number
CAS Registry Number is a Registered Trademark of the American Chemical Society
Molecular Weight
Exact Mass
GIF Graphics File. 
GIF Graphics File. 
MDL Molfile. 
CDX File. 
Flasinski, M., B. Konderla, M. Broniatowski, and P. Wydro. (2016). Sterol - phospholipid hybrids at the air/water interface - studies on properties and interactions with parent lipid molecules. Langmuir [PubMed]

Foglia, F., D.J. Barlow, F.C. Szoka, Z. Huang, S.E. Rogers, and M.J. Lawrence. (2011). Structural studies of the monolayers and bilayers formed by a novel cholesterol-phospholipid chimera. Langmuir 27:8275-81. [PubMed]

Iman, M., Z. Huang, F.C. Szoka Jr, and M.R. Jaafari. (2011). Characterization of the colloidal properties, in vitro antifungal activity, antileishmanial activity and toxicity in mice of a distigmasterylhemisuccinoyl-glycero-phosphocholine liposome-intercalated amphotericin B. Int J Pharm. [PubMed]

Huang, Z., M.R. Jaafari, and F.C. Szoka Jr. (2009). Disterolphospholipids: nonexchangeable lipids and their application to liposomal drug delivery. Angew Chem Int Ed Engl 48:4146-9. [PubMed]

Huang, Z., Szoka, F.C., Jr. (2008) Sterol-Modified Phospholipids: Cholesterol and Phospholipid Chimeras with Improved Biomembrane Properties. J Am Chem Soc 130:15702-15712. [PubMed]

A summary of the physical/chemical properties of Sterol-Modified Phospholipids is presented in a PowerPoint presentation. This information was kindly provided by Dr. Francis C. Szoka, Jr., Department of Biopharmaceutical Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, California.