18:1 PI(4,5)P2 | 850155
1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phospho-(1'-myo-inositol-4',5'-bisphosphate) (ammonium salt)
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- Although PI(4,5)P2 is a minor component of cell membranes, it plays a critical role as a substrate for a number of important signaling proteins. PI(4,5)P2 is an intermediate in the IP3/DAG pathway where it is hydrolyzed by phospholipase C to liberate the second messengers, inositol 1,4,5-triphosphate (IP3) and diacylglycerol (DAG). PI(4,5)P2 is also a substrate for PI 3-kinase where it is phosphorylated to PI(3,4,5)P3, an activator of downstream signaling components such as the protein kinase AKT.
- Molecular Formula
- Percent Composition
- C 50.32%, H 8.82%, N 3.91%, O 28.30%, P 8.65%
- 6 Months
- CAS Number
CAS Registry Number is a Registered Trademark of the American Chemical Society
- Molecular Weight
- Exact Mass
- 1,2-di-(9Z-octadecenoyl)-sn-glycero-3-[phosphoinositol-4,5-bisphosphate] (ammonium salt)
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PtdIns4P synthesis by PI4KIIIalpha at the plasma membrane and its impact on plasma membrane identity. Nakatsu, F., J.M. Baskin, J. Chung, L.B. Tanner, G. Shui, S.Y. Lee, M. Pirruccello, M. Hao, N.T. Ingolia, M.R. Wenk, and P. De Camilli. (2012). J Cell Biol 199:1003-16.[PubMed]
Wang, K., Z. Yang, U. Nair, K. Mao, X. Liu, and D.J. Klionsky. (2012). Phosphatatidylinositol 4-kinases are required for autophagic membrane trafficking. J Biol Chem [PubMed]
Khelashvili, G., A. Galli, and H. Weinstein. (2012). Phosphatidylinositol 4,5-Biphosphate (PIP(2)) Lipids Regulate the Phosphorylation of Syntaxin N-Terminus by Modulating Both Its Position and Local Structure. Biochemistry 51:7685-98. [PubMed]
Hammond, G.R., M.J. Fischer, K.E. Anderson, J. Holdich, A. Koteci, T. Balla, and R.F. Irvine. (2012). PI4P and PI(4,5)P2 are essential but independent lipid determinants of membrane identity. Science 337:727-30.[PubMed]