840523 | MGDG

Monogalactosyldiacylglycerol (Plant)



Size SKU Packaging Price
5mg 840523P-5mg 840523P-5mg $214.30
10mg 840523P-10mg 840523P-10mg $370.90
25mg 840523P-25mg 840523P-25mg $785.00
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Monogalactosyldiacylglycerol (Plant)

Monogalactosyldiacylglycerol (MGDG) and digalactosyldiacylglycerol (DGDG) are the two nonionic lipid constituents of the thylakoid membrane of higher plant chloroplasts. MGDG and DGDG are present in the membrane at 56% and 29%, respectively, of the total lipid content. DGDG is a bilayer-forming lipid, while MGDG alone will only form hexagonal-II structures.

Light Sensitive
Molecular Formula


Percent Composition

C 69.73%, H 9.62%, O 20.64%

3 Months
Storage Temperature
CAS Number
CAS Registry Number is a Registered Trademark of the American Chemical Society
Formula Weight
Exact Mass

Sattari Vayghan H, Tavalaei S, Grillon A, Meyer L, Ballabani G, Glauser G, Longoni P. Growth Temperature Influence on Lipids and Photosynthesis in Lepidium sativum. Front Plant Sci. 2020 Jun 4;11:745. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2020.00745. PMID: 32655589; PMCID: PMC7325982.

PubMed ID: 32655589

Janssen F, Wouters AGB, Linclau L, Waelkens E, Derua R, Dehairs J, Moldenaers P, Vermant J, Delcour JA. The role of lipids in determining the air-water interfacial properties of wheat, rye, and oat dough liquor constituents. Food Chem. 2020 Jul 30;319:126565. doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2020.126565. Epub 2020 Mar 5. PMID: 32169767.

PubMed ID: 32169767

Cai G, Fan C, Liu S, Yang Q, Liu D, Wu J, Li J, Zhou Y, Guo L, Wang X. Nonspecific phospholipase C6 increases seed oil production in oilseed Brassicaceae plants. New Phytol. 2020 May;226(4):1055-1073. doi: 10.1111/nph.16473. Epub 2020 Mar 16. PMID: 32176333.

PubMed ID: 32176333

Latza VM, Demé B, Schneck E. Membrane Adhesion via Glycolipids Occurs for Abundant Saccharide Chemistries. Biophys J. 2020 Feb 12:S0006-3495(20)30122-3. doi: 10.1016/j.bpj.2020.02.003. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 32097623.

PubMed ID: 32097623

Dai GY, Yin J, Li KE, Chen DK, Liu Z, Bi FC, Rong C, Yao N. The Arabidopsis AtGCD3 protein is a glucosylceramidase that preferentially hydrolyzes long-acyl-chain glucosylceramides. J Biol Chem. 2020 Jan 17;295(3):717-728. doi: 10.1074/jbc.RA119.011274. Epub 2019 Dec 8. PMID: 31819005; PMCID: PMC6970933.

PubMed ID: 31819005

Roth MS, Westcott DJ, Iwai M, Niyogi KK. Hexokinase is necessary for glucose-mediated photosynthesis repression and lipid accumulation in a green alga. Commun Biol. 2019 Sep 19;2:347. doi: 10.1038/s42003-019-0577-1. eCollection 2019.

PubMed ID: 31552300

Yang X, Li Y, Li Y, Ye D, Yuan L, Sun Y, Han D, Hu Q. Solid Matrix-Supported Supercritical CO₂ Enhances Extraction of γ-Linolenic Acid from the Cyanobacterium Arthrospira (Spirulina) platensis and Bioactivity Evaluation of the Molecule in Zebrafish. Mar Drugs. 2019 Mar 30;17(4). pii: E203. doi: 10.3390/md17040203.

PubMed ID: 30935028

Yang Miao, Meng Yingying, Chu Yadong, Xue Song. Qualitative and Quantitative Analyses of Polar Glycerolipids in Chlamydomonas reinhardtiibased on LC-MS Techniques[J].Chin Bull Bot, 2018, 53(6): 812-828.

Nadeem M, Pham TH, Thomas R, Galagedara L, Kavanagh V, Zhu X, Ali W, Cheema M. Potential role of root membrane phosphatidic acid in superior agronomic performance of silage-corn cultivated in cool climate cropping systems. Physiol Plant. 2018 Dec 11. doi: 10.1111/ppl.12902. [Epub ahead of print].

PubMed ID: 30548274

Tutkus M, Akhtar P, Chmeliov J, G Ouml Rf Ouml L F, Trinkunas G, Lambrev PH, Valkunas L. Fluorescence Microscopy of Single Liposomes with Incorporated Pigment-Proteins. Langmuir. 2018 Nov 1. doi: 10.1021/acs.langmuir.8b02307. [Epub ahead of print]

PubMed ID: 30380887

Kim J, Chung MY, Choi HD, Choi IW, Kim BH. Enzymatic Synthesis of Structured Monogalactosyldiacylglycerols Enriched in Pinolenic Acid. J Agric Food Chem. 2018 Jul 20. doi: 10.1021/acs.jafc.8b02599. [Epub ahead of print]

PubMed ID: 29998729

Ye, W., J. Liebau, and L. Maler. (2013). New Membrane Mimetics with Galactolipids: Lipid Properties in Fast-Tumbling Bicelles. J Phys Chem B [PubMed]

PubMed ID: 23301930

Botte, C. Y., Y. Yamaryo-Botte, J. Janouskovec, T. Rupasinghe, P. J. Keeling, P. Crellin, R. L. Coppel, E. Marechal, M. J. McConville, and G. I. McFadden. (2011). Identification of Plant-Like Galactolipids in Chromera Velia, a Photosynthetic Relative of Malaria Parasites. J Biol Chem 286, no. 34: 29893-903.

PubMed ID: 21712377

Lenti, M., C. Gentili, A. Pianezzi, G. Marcolongo, A. Lalli, R. Cancedda, and F.D. Cancedda. (2009). Monogalactosyldiacylglycerol anti-inflammatory activity on adult articular cartilage. Nat Prod Res 23:754-62.

PubMed ID: 19418358
Fatty Acid Distribution

This Natural Lipid is a mixture and the structure shown above is only representative of one possible structure present in the product. Refer to chart for average fatty acid distribution.

Certificates of Analysis

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